Laws and Penalties: Concerns over growing illegal AAS abuse by teenagers, and many of the just discussed long-term effects, led Congress in 1991 to place the whole AAS class of drugs into Schedule III of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). Under this legislation, AAS are defined as any drug or hormonal substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to T (other than estrogens, progestins, and corticosteroids) that promotes muscle growth. The possession or sale of AAS without a valid prescription is illegal. Since 1991, simple possession of illegally obtained AAS carry a maximum penalty of one year in prison and a minimum $1,000 fine if this is an individual’s first drug offense. The maximum penalty for trafficking (selling or possessing enough to be suspected of selling) is five years in prison and a fine of $250,000 if this is the individual’s first felony drug offense. If this is the second felony drug offense, the maximum period of imprisonment and the maximum fine both double. While the above listed penalties are for federal offenses, individual states have also implemented fines and penalties for illegal use of AAS. State executive offices have also recognized the seriousness of AAS abuse and other drugs of abuse in schools. For example, the State of Virginia enacted a law that will allow student drug testing as a legitimate school drug prevention program (48, 49).
Estrogen, which is the main enemy of breast cancer patients, is curbed through SERM and AI. Master also shares these characteristics and is capable of preventing estrogen buildup in the body. As DHT derivative, it does not allow aromatization and displays strong anti-aromatase properties. For this reason, Masteron has been used in combination with other drugs to treat breast cancer patients. The role of Masteron then was to block the amount of estrogens in the body while other drugs, such as Tamoxifen-citrate were used to block the binding of estrogen at the breast receptors. Today, many other more powerful aromatase inhibitors have replaced this breast cancer treatment to achieve even greater success in the fight against breast cancer.