Experts don't yet understand the clinical significance -- if any -- of subtle changes in laboratory values relative to the norms seen in the HIV negative population, nor do they know how much of any given nutrient people with HIV/AIDS need for optimal immune function and overall health. Due to a lack of research on nutritional status in the setting of HIV disease, and because nutritional requirements vary dramatically from person to person, there are few definitive recommendations for nutritional supplementation in the HIV positive population.
Treatable causes of anorexia and cachexia in patients who are near the end of life include chronic pain, mouth conditions (dryness, mucositis resulting from chemotherapy, and infections such as oral candidiasis or oral herpes), gastrointestinal motility problems (., constipation) and reflux esophagitis. In patients with cancer who are being treated with chemotherapy, radiation therapy and/or medications such as opioids or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, an attempt should be made to determine whether anorexia and weight loss are due to mucositis, changes in gastrointestinal motility and nausea as the effects of treatment, rather than progressive disease.
Steroids - no intoxication effects
high blood pressure; blood clotting and cholesterol changes; liver cysts; hostility and aggression; acne; in adolescents—premature stoppage of growth; in males—prostate cancer, reduced sperm production, shrunken testicles, breast enlargement; in females—menstrual irregularities, development of beard and other masculine characteristics
Inhalants - (varies by chemical) stimulation; loss of inhibition; headache; nausea or vomiting; slurred speech; loss of motor coordination; wheezing